Friday, May 18, 2007

Author Interview: Carolyn MacCullough on Drawing the Ocean

Carolyn MacCullough on Carolyn MacCullough: "I was born and raised in Connecticut. As a kid, I always wanted to travel and see far off places, but my parents had other ideas and didn't quite agree with my dreams of moving to India or Morocco or some other exotic place. This is probably what led me to love books so much and, in turn, what probably led to writing.

"In 2002, I graduated from the New School with a Master's in Creative Writing for Children. Shortly afterward, Falling Through Darkness (Roaring Brook Press, 2003) was published, followed by Stealing Henry (Roaring Brook Press, 2005) and Drawing the Ocean (Roaring Brook Press, 2006)[see more on these books].

"I still have not lived in India or Morocco, but I did live in other such exotic locales like Scotland, Sicily, and New Jersey! Now I live in New York with my husband and I teach creative writing for Gotham Writers and The New School."

What about the writing life first called to you? Were you quick to answer or did time pass by?

I think I was writing before I really ever started writing. I was always telling stories--to my sisters, to my friends. Long, complicated stories involving princesses and dragons and choose-your-own adventure plots. Somewhere in elementary school, I started to write them down (along with some pretty bad poetry), but it was still something I just did for fun. For a while, I thought I wanted to be an actress and after college, I pursued that in New York City--until the stage fright part did me in. Around then, I began to realize that it wasn't really acting that I loved so much anyway, it was telling a story to an audience. So in 2002, I enrolled in the masters program in creative writing program at The New School.

What made you decide to write for young readers?

I don't know that I ever did make that decision. I just wrote the stories that I had and they ended up being for teens. I do know that the books I remember most strongly are all from my childhood and teenage years.

Could you tell us about your path to publication, any sprints or stumbles along the way?

I got really lucky! I met my editor, Deborah Brodie from Roaring Brook Press, while enrolled in the New School program. I remember when she called me to tell me that Roaring Brook Press wanted to buy my first book, Falling Through Darkness. I was so excited that I got dizzy and literally had to put my head between my knees!

Congratulations on the publication of Drawing the Ocean (Roaring Brook, 2007)! What was your initial inspiration for writing this book?

My fast approaching deadline! Actually, I had written an entirely different book, and while waiting to hear my editor's first round of comments, I just lost all interest in it. I wasn't excited to start the revision process--something I usually enjoy. So one night, I was sitting in a movie theater and for some reason, the idea of a twin brother and sister came into my head--only one of them was no longer alive. I followed that idea all the way home to my computer.

Could you briefly describe the story?

It's about Sadie, a sixteen-year-old painter, who wants very badly to fit in at her new school and make the "right" kind of friends. And she partially succeeds--but the problem is, despite her best intentions, she also befriends the town loner, "Fryin Ryan." Soon enough, she has to choose between her new popularity and a real friend. Oh, and the ghost of her twin brother keeps appearing at will--she's the only one who can see and talk to him.

What was the timeline from spark to publication, and what were the major events along the way?

It was very quick! Because of my earlier project that I had scrapped, I had less time than I normally would have had, so this was a book that was written under some serious pressure. However, I tend to work like that. If you give me unlimited amounts of time to accomplish something, I promise nothing much will get done.

What were the challenges (literary, research, psychological, logistical) in bringing it to life?

Since I'm not a twin and don't even have a brother, I did struggle with that a little. Also, I'm not an artist in any way--trust me, no one wants to see what I can draw or paint! But I like making my characters different from me--they're far more interesting that way--and that's a challenge I really relish when writing a book.

In the story, Sadie speaks with and sees her dead twin brother, Ollie. As someone who teaches MFA students, I can readily imagine someone writing a paper on the question of Ollie as a psychological manifestation or a supernatural one. What would you say to that student?

I think he's a little bit of both. (Sorry! I know that sounds like the easy way out). But I do think of him as both--I see him as her conscience. And I also think of him as still in this world because she loves him so much. They were so connected when he was alive and, therefore, she can't quite let that go.

What advice do you have for beginning writers?

Read, read, read as much as possible. It's good for your own writing and it's good for you in general. And when it comes time to write your own stuff, don't worry so much about technique and finesse during the first draft. Don't listen to the whiny internal editor voice--the one that tells you this isn't any good and you must be joking if you think you're ever going to get this published and please tell me you aren't planning on giving up your day job, etc, etc. We all have the voice somewhere in us--drown it out. Listen instead to the story in you, get it out on paper first without fussing over it too much and then see what you can do with it.

What are some of your favorite recent reads?

Life of Pi by Yann Martel (Knopf Canada, 2001), Stardust by Neil Gaiman (1998), and Elsewhere by Gabrielle Zevin (FSG, 2005).

What do you do when you're not writing? mean I'm supposed to have time off from writing? Okay--I read books that I wish I had written. I try to spend as much time as possible with my family and friends. And I bake a lot of pies and cookies and cakes and dream of setting up my own bakery somewhere, some little rustic place with copper pans hanging from the ceiling and painted yellow walls.

What can your fans look forward to next?

I'm working on an urban fantasy--it's probably the most challenging book I've written so far (but then I say that about any book I'm working on at some point or another)!

Wednesday, May 16, 2007

Author Interview: Kathi Appelt on My Father's House

"Kathi Appelt was born on July 6, 1954, in Fayetteville, North Carolina. Her family only lived in North Carolina for a short time and then moved to El Paso, Texas; and finally to Houston.

"Most of Kathi's books and poems come directly from her own life because that's what she knows best and feels most strongly about.

"Over the years, Kathi has written many picture-book favorites, including Miss Lady Bird's Wildflowers, illustrated by Joy Fisher Hein; Oh My Baby, Little One, illustrated by Jane Dyer; the Bubba and Beau series, illustrated by Arthur Howard; Merry Christmas, Merry Crow, illustrated by Jon Goodell, and her latest: My Father's House, illustrated by Raúl Colón. She has also written several award-winning books for older readers, including My Father's Summers: A Daughter's Memoir, Kissing Tennessee: And Other Stories from the Stardust Dance, and Poems from Homeroom: A Writer's Place to Start.

"She currently lives with her family in College Station, Texas.

"Kathi used to think that a real writer had to have lots of exciting, maybe even dangerous, adventures in order to have something meaningful to write about. Now she knows that the best writing is about the people, places, pets, and objects that surround us and that we meet every day. She’s discovered that writing about them is the absolute best way to really know them and in the process to come to know ourselves a little better. She now knows that writing is really a way of seeing, and she’d like to encourage you to get out your old journal or start a new one and see what shows up."

Your latest picture book, My Father's House (Viking/Penguin, May 2007), is a beautiful poetic tribute to Earth and our environment, what was your inspiration for writing this book? And why now?

One day as I was driving, I had my radio on and was listening to a young minister talk about his love for the earth and bemoaning the fact that so many people who called themselves "spiritual" seemed to have such disregard for our planet. He was specifically referring to the notion that the Bible advocated mankind's dominion over the Earth. He felt that was a misreading, and that the word "dominion" did not necessarily mean "use up" but rather "keep safe."

His "safekeeping" message spoke to me in vibrant way, and so I've tried in this book to provide a celebration of our beautiful planet, and to subtly suggest that it's our job to keep it and its inhabitants safe.

In your dedication, you thank Al Gore for his service and commitment on behalf of our beautiful blue planet; how has his work for the environment affected or inspired you?

I first read Al Gore's book, The Earth in Balance: Ecology and the Human Spirit (Plume reprint, 1993), many years ago, and his message then was one that made sense to me. I was also inspired by his passion for this subject, especially since he relates to it in a deeply personal way. I felt he was speaking to me as one person to another, rather than to just another nameless face in the crowd. He makes me feel as though my small efforts can really help as far as being a good steward for the earth.

One of your recent picture books, Miss Lady Bird's Wildflowers: How a First Lady Changed America, illustrated by Joy Fisher Hein (HarperCollins, 2005)(author-illustrator interview), also had themes about our natural environment and was quite popular, garnering much critical acclaim. What kind of feedback did you receive from teachers, readers, etc., and why do you think it was such a success?

First of all, I hope that the book reminded us of a very special woman, one who made a definite mark upon our national consciousness about the environment. Lady Bird Johnson was really the first national figure to bring the notion of conservation fully to our awareness.

The case can be made that Theodore Roosevelt also did this, but he is not quite so "unsung" as Mrs. Johnson. He gets a lot of credit—well-deserved—for really establishing our national park system.

But I felt that Mrs. Johnson deserved some recognition, even though she herself is very unassuming and not at all in need of that same recognition. I wanted to remind children, and their parents and teachers, that Mrs. Johnson is largely responsible for our beautiful roadsides, especially in the springtime when they're covered with wildflowers.

I believe that the book has been well-received because not only is it a slice of American history that has gone unnoticed, but also because it's a celebration of the work of one person who made a huge difference—and continues to make a difference.

Your children's books span every age level, what are the challenges in writing for such a wide audience? How do you approach writing for young adults differently than for kids?

I don't approach it too differently, honestly. In some ways, toddlers and teenagers have a lot in common. They're both intense, both determined to do things their own ways and in their own time, both separating from their families and wandering out into the bigger world. Testing the waters so to speak.

Regardless of what age I’m writing for, I always try to write toward the hearts of my audience, to recognize the longings that we all feel at various times in our lives. I also enjoy the challenge of writing for the various age groups. While they all have similarities, they also have obvious differences. It's a way of stretching myself as a writer to think about aiming a particular story toward a particular audience.

Your two sons are in college now, but while they were growing up, how did they inspire your work?

Well, I would never have written for children if I had not become a parent. Before my boys came along, I had no real awareness of children's books to be honest. But once they were here, books saved us in so many ways. I was unprepared for parenthood, but I somehow knew that reading to my sons was a good thing to do. So that's what I did. Thank goodness.

How has being a parent affected your writing? Do you have any advice for other parent-authors?

As far as being a writing parent, I would say first of all to savor the time you have with your children. They grow up so fast that it's almost unbelievable. Don't go along on any guilt trips about not writing enough when your kids are young. The writing will come, but your kids are going to vamoose before your very eyes.

And second, I would say to learn how to write in small snatches of time. If you look for that long thirty minutes all to yourself, you'll never find it. Instead, honor those five minutes here and there. Have a notebook handy at all times. It's pretty remarkable how much can be written in five minute increments. I still write in those small segments.

Tell us a little about your writing process and work environment; do you write every day?

Yep, I write every single day. That said, I don't always write stories. I often spend my writing time answering correspondence, or filling up my journal, or just "playing" with an idea or what not. I wish I were more disciplined and could work on a schedule. I might get more done. But the way I write now seems to work for me.

And as for my work environment...I have a wonderful, small loft studio upstairs in my home. From my desk, I can look directly into the branches of a big oak tree, which is a home to numerous birds and squirrels and other small critters. When I look out at the tree, I feel almost like I'm in my own private tree room. I think it's important for writers to have a space, even if it's small, that is uniquely your own. Mine is a place I love to slip away to any time of the day. I have my own "stuff" there, and I work hard to keep it from being too cluttered. Clutter distracts me.

I confess that I take something of a slow approach to my work. I usually have to drink a cup of coffee, read the newspaper, check my e-mail, and work the NY Times crossword before I actually plunge into the work of the day. It's my ritual if you will. I do my actual writing on a computer, a laptop, but I still keep a journal by hand. And I carry a small notebook in my purse, just in case a good idea pops into my head. There's nothing more frustrating than to think up a good idea, or any idea for that matter, and be caught without paper or a pen!

You've taught writing at Texas A&M and Vermont College, and have conducted writing workshops for many years. How has teaching informed your own work?

I've always felt that the best way to learn something is to teach it, which is sort of cliché. But beyond that, I truly believe that it's our stories that separate us from the rest of the animal kingdom. I'm fond of telling children that we humans are the "story animals."

In so many ways, our stories are at the center of who we are, and in so many ways I believe that our stories can save us if we can learn to share them. It's really no surprise that stories are at the root of both love and conflict. We go to war over whose story is "most true," don't we? And yet, the basic gathering of humans in a circle to share stories has the power and ability of exposing our basic humanity to each other. We all have more in common with each other, especially in matters of the heart—family, children, trees, cats—than we have differences.

So to me, teaching is all about being a catalyst for telling stories. If I can encourage others to share their stories in the best way they know how, then maybe I'm helping to make a difference in the world, even if it's in a small way.

Do you read a lot of other picture books to keep up on what's new and popular? If so, what are some of your favorite recent ones and why?

Yes, I try to keep up with current picture books. That said, without small children in the house, I read fewer of them than I used to. My current favorite right now is Alison McGhee's Someday (Atheneum, 2007), which is just heartful and lovely. I'm completely smitten with Alexander Stadler's "Beverly Billingsly" books. I also love Kimberly Willis Holt's whimsical Waiting for Gregory illustrated by Gabi Swiatkowska (Henry Holt, 2006)(author interview). And just about any book that features a cat is fine with me. I love Judith Schachner's "Skippyjon Jones" books--they just crack me up. She clearly knows cats.

What's coming out next for you, and what are you working on now?

My first novel will be out in the spring of 2008. It's called The Underneath, and is set in the swampy forest of East Texas. I'm excited about it--the main hero is a cat named Puck. I'm still working on the final edits for this novel, but I'm also doing the research for my next novel, which will be set on Galveston Island, one of my favorite places in the world. My grandmother lived there and I have many happy memories of summers with her. I don't know much about the story yet, but I'm eager to get it started.

Tuesday, May 15, 2007

Cynsational News & Links

Interview with Sarah Miller, author of Miss Spitfire: Reaching Helen Keller (Simon & Schuster, 2007)(excerpt) by Little Willow at Slayground. Here's a sneak peek: "That's an easy one. I saw 'The Miracle Worker' on stage at MeadowBrook Theatre in October of 1998. We came to the end, that famous scene with the water pump, and when the audience stood up to applaud, I realized I was crying. I don't do that. And it's not like the climax of the play was a surprise – I'd seen the movie, and I knew the story – but bam! there it was, and I got it."

The Book of Life is a finalist in the 3rd Annual Jewish & Israeli Blog Awards (JIBA), in the "Best Jewish Podcast/Audio Blog/Video Blog" category. However, at this point it's only received 1.29 percent of the votes. Please consider voting for this podcast by 10 p.m. May 16!

The Edge of the Forest: a new issue, and one of the best ever! Kelly Herold interviews Tracy Grand of JacketFlap and author Kerry Madden. Kim Winters talks about books In the Backpack as well as the writing life. Kelly Fineman interviews blogging writer David Lubar. Don't miss Little Willow's interview with Deb Caletti or her thoughtful take on The Bermudez Triangle: Too Cool for School? Plus, there are reviews, a new interview archive, and the best of the blogs.

Margot Finke offers a new page, Writing Information for Children's Writers. Read a Cynsations interview with Margot.

Congratulations to Don Tate on the sale of his first picture book manuscript. Don has a lovely and well-established reputation as an illustrator, but this is his first sale as an author. Read a Cynsations interview with Don.

I Heart YA: Beige: a YouTube video by Cecil Castellucci about her latest novel, which has my highest recommendation. Visit Cecil's site, LJ, and MySpace page. Read a Cynsations interview with her, too.

Happy 17th Birthday to Children's Book Insider! In celebration, CBI is offer a free three-issue mini-subscription to its e-edition. Source: Create/Relate.

Reminder: please consider supporting If I Can Read, I Can Do Anything: a national reading club for Native American children.

More Personally

In celebration of Texas Writers' Month, I'll be speaking with a number of distinguished authors, including Tim Tingle, on the May program of the Writers' League of Texas from 7 p.m. to 9 p.m. May 23 at the University of Texas Club. The evening includes a free appetizer buffet and a cash bar. Attendence is free and open to the public. See more information. Date change updated 3/21.

Author Tanya Lee Stone says of my new release Tantalize (Candlewick, 2007): "This book is a feast for the senses. I was immediately pulled into the characters and the story line, watching for clues in order to figure out who the true villain is. I particularly enjoyed the visceral and sensual aspects the author was able to bring to this story through the use of food. Bring your appetite!" Read the whole recommendation.

A new prize has been added to the Tantalize Fans Unite! MySpace group giveaway for May. In addition to a hard copy of A Great and Terrible Beauty by Libba Bray (Delacorte, 2003)(author interview) and a Sanguini's T-shirt, members also will be eligible to win an autographed paperback copy of Gothic! Ten Original Dark Tales edited by Deborah Noyes (Candlewick, 2004)(author interview). See board for details.

Murder in the Faerie Realm by Colleen Mondor at Bookslut in Training. An in-depth look at YA mystery-fantasy hybrids, including Tantalize (Candlewick, 2007). She says in part: "Leitich Smith gives readers a very interesting character to watch. This is a very complex fantasy/horror/mystery novel and should be sought out by any reader with a fondness for something other than the usual high school vamp drama."

Thanks to Brackenridge and Edison high schools in San Antonio for being a great audience yesterday!

Autographed copies of Tantalize are now available at BookPeople in Austin and Barnes & Noble--San Pedro in San Antonio. Two of my other books, Rain Is Not My Indian Name (HarperCollins, 2001) and Indian Shoes (HaperCollins, 2002) as well as Ninjas, Piranhas, and Galileo by Greg Leitich Smith (Little Brown, 2005) also are available at that B&N.
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